Haunted Yorkshire

They're Closer Than You Think!

List of Runes


 What are Runes?

Runes are the letters of Old Norse, an ancient Scandinavian writing system. They may have been written on many types of surface, but what has survived the ages has been writing on stone. More than 5,000 runic inscriptions remain, most of them in Sweden, particularly in the Uppland region. More than 1,000 have been found in Norway, about 700 in Denmark, 60 in Iceland, 50 in the British Isles, and others scattered from Greenland to the Ukraine. The claims of runestones found in Minnesota and even the Ozarks have been rejected as spurious.

Dating back to the 5th century, many were carved as gravestones. Others tell of Viking voyages and raids to lands as far away as Greece. A few provide family history and identify land ownership. Some inscriptions were also connected to magic, notably divining the future. A runestone might tell a story, as does the 11th century Sigurd Runestone in Sweden, which relates the myth of a dragon slayer alluded to in the Beowulf saga.

The shape of runes hints that they were designed to be carved with a blade or axehead. Lines are perpendicular, oblique and curved. While most extant runic inscriptions are carved, some bear traces of color, an indication that the runes were painted. Red, blue, yellow, white and black pigments have been discovered. Besides stones, runes have been found on ships, spears, amulets, and drinking homs.

FEHU - Wealth

Runic Number: 1

Letter: F

 

Old English Name: Feoh

Meaning: Cattle, Wealth

Element(s): Fire, Earth

Zodiac Sign: Cancer

Gemstone: Moss Agate

Colour: Light Red

 

Introduction:

The word Feoh or Fehu refers to cattle which were the measure of wealth within a Norse community before the advent of a true monetary system.


Interpretation:

Upright.
Indicates that good fortune is attainable but don't be mislead, generally, this will require application and effort on the part of the querant. It is a reminder that all things move in cycles and you should not take coming fortune for granted, use the good times to prepare for the harder times.

Overall it is a sign of fulfillment and can apply to relationships, friendships, health and ambition, as well as financial matters. The important point is that humility and generosity should be your watch word as you enjoy the fruits of your labours.

Inverted.
Tells that the road currently traveled is heading towards hardship. A change of direction may be required. Careful evaluation of the situation is necessary, and the querant should be alert to hidden opportunities. In emotional matters it may signal that a situation will take more time to resolve or may be lost completely, it may to prudent to face up to hard truths and move on.

 

URUZ - Strength

Runic Number: 2

 

Letter: U

Old English Name: Ur

Meaning: Auroch, Strenght, Virility (Male), Fertility (Female)

Element(s): Earth

Zodiac Sign: Cancer, Leo

Gemstone: Carbuncle

Colour: Dark Green

Introduction:

 

Ur or Uruz symbolises the, now extinct, auroch (a wild bison). These animals were prized for their great strength and relative speed. The were also significant as the hunting of these creatures formed part of a 'rites of passage' for young warriors.

 

Interpretation:

 

Upright.
The strength to break through and move on. Ur is a sign of new beginnings, a time to shake off the past and to take advantage of new opportunities. Remember before each new beginning must come an ending and endings can be an emotional time but know that, ultimately, it will be to your benefit.

 

Live each day to its fullest, knowing that from every ending comes new life. Do whatever it takes to succeed and seize each moment so you will never come to regret missed chances.

A favourable time for high risk ventures.

 

Inverted.
Signals a possible time of ill health, lack of vitality or general weakness. May manifest itself in weak will power or lack of clarity in thought.

A potential threat or weakening of position will require careful consideration and planning if it is to be dealt with successfully. There is a potential advantage to be gained but it may require an extraordinary or unusual act to capitalise.

 

THURISAZ - Protection

Runic Number: 3

 

Letter: Th

Old English Name: Thorn

Meaning: Devil, Thorn, Protection

Element(s): Fire

Zodiac Sign: Leo

Gemstone: Sapphire

Colour: Bright Red

Introduction:

Thorn takes its name from the god Thor. There is some debate over the meaning of this rune, some see it as powerfully negative; revealing the darker side of our inner nature and acting as a warning. Others see it as very positive offering powerful protection and assuring us that we do not stand alone.

Interpretation:

Upright.
You are supported and protected. Fate stands with you. Seek counsel before making important decisions, this is a time to ask for help - it will be there for you and may provide you with more than you expect.

The darker side of this rune may also act as a warning that the thing we need protection from is actually ourselves.

Inverted.
Avoid being forced in to hasty decisions, luck will not be with you. Beware of those who appear to be helping you or offer help, their motives may be less than worthy. Each step along your chosen path must be carefully considered.

Note: If the negative interpretation of this rune is used, the inverted meaning is taken to be positive representing a triumph over evil or a sign that all is right for you to proceed.

ANSUZ - Communication

Runic Number: 4

Letter: A

Old English Name: Os

Meaning: Mouth, Communication, Wisdom, Ideas, Message

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Leo, Virgo

Gemstone: Emerald

Colour: Dark Blue

Introduction:

Ansur is said to represent the Ash tree, it is a strong and resilient tree but it carries the scars of its many battles against the raging storms. What it is saying to us is that the hardships of the past leave clues in the present which are there to guide us and bring wisdom.

Interpretation:

Upright.
Important information will be communicated to you, be aware and alert to it as it may require you to recognise its significance. Seek counsel from your elders, remember wisdom can come through through learning from the experience of others.

This rune is about communication of all kinds including the artistic forms. It also never symbolises the power of words and cautions us to beware that we do not wound or offend with our words.

Inverted.
You may not have all the information you need to make the decisions before you. The information you do have may be unreliable or false and this could adversely affect your judgment. The relevance of a certain piece of information may not be immediately apparent.

You must be alert to life's lesson for you must embrace each one before you can move on.

 

RAIDO - Journey

Runic Number: 5

Letter: R

Old English Name: Rad

Meaning: Cartwheel, A Journey, Riding, Travel

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Virgo

Gemstone: Chrysoprase

Colour: Brigh Red

Introduction:

Rad symbolises a journey, it could be on a physical, spiritual or intellectual level, but the journey always leads to a union where two halves become whole. It is a symbol of personal change.

Rad represents the brilliance of the Sun and is said to have been used when invoking the spirits of the dead.

Interpretation:

Upright.
The time is right for a journey, to set out on a quest to learn & develop, to experience new things. Perhaps it is time to follow a calling or embark on a pilgrimage. Your journey will be a success but you must know your ultimate goal and stay focused on it.

This could prove to be a good time to heal rifts and nurture reunion.

Inverted.
A bad time for travel or for visitors. Things will not go as planned and this could extend in to business and financial matters.

Relationships may need particular care at this time. They may already be going through a troubled time but remember things always happen for a reason. Expose the reason and the situation can be resolved.

KANO - Fire

Runic Number: 6

Letter: K

Old English Name: Cen

Meaning: Inner Light, Fire of the Torch, Heat, Burning

Element(s): Fire

Zodiac Sign: Virgo, Libra

Gemstone: Bloodstone

Colour: Light Red

Introduction:

The name of this rune is derived from 'kernan' the ancient Germanic word for 'Knowing', and is translated as 'Torch'.

Interpretation:

Upright.
A time of clarity when many things will become clear. Enlightenment. From darkness and confusion comes light and realisation, now is the time to focus your energies in to breaking through. The future holds good luck and good fortune.

A good time for looking at oneself to gain a greater understanding.

Brings warmth and protection. Ken suggests vitality and new energy. An inspirational and creative force that can open new opportunities.

Inverted.
A loss of clarity. Relationships may be coming to an end or other situations may be closed off to you. The fire has gone out of life. Entering a time of emptiness, a contemplative time, but negative thoughts of the past must be swept away and not dwelt upon.

A time of change that is necessary but may not immediately be welcomed.

GEBO - Gift

Runic Number: 7

Letter: G

Old English Name: Gyfu

Meaning: Gift, Talen, Sacred Mark

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Libra

Gemstone: Opal

Colour: Deep Blue

Introduction:

Geofu can be translated as gift and it really reminds us that when fortune favours us, there will be a price to pay. When such a gift is bestowed upon us we must show generosity and so the gift moves on.

Interpretation:

Upright.
Geofu has a strong association with partnerships, whether it be in love or in business. It can foretell the strengthening of current relationships or signal the coming of new ones. Harmony and generosity are key, sharing your good fortune with those who are less fortunate.

This is a time to find balance in your life.

This may be a good time to finally commit to something that has been in your thoughts. Particularly auspicious for personal relationships.

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

WUNJO - Joy

Runic Number: 8

Letter: W

Old English Name: Wyn

Meaning: Joy, Happiness, Harmony, Glory

Element(s): Earth

Zodiac Sign: Libra, Scorpio

Gemstone: Diamond

Colour: Yellow

Introduction:

The name of this rune means weathervane and the symbol used on it is based on the shape of a traditional Scandinavian weathervane

Interpretation:

Upright.
Wynn brings happiness, harmony and joy. Success and fulfillment are also associated with this rune. In all cases the rewards experienced will be emotional rather than financial. It can bring good news and lasting love.

A good time for new starts, which will flourish.

Inverted.

Emotionally challenging times, bringing unhappiness and draining your energy. A time to step back and try to avoid getting embroiled in unpleasant situations. Be wary of those around you.

Patience is the key, things will move more slowly than you would wish. It signifies tough times but you will come through. Always remember that from our toughest times come our most valuable lessons

HAGALAZ - Hail

Runic Number: 9

Letter: H

Old English Name: Haegl

Meaning: Hail, Weather, Natural Forces

Element(s): Ice (Water)

Zodiac Sign: Scorpio

Gemstone: Onyx

Colour: Light Blue

Introduction:

Hagalaz represents the primal forces of nature and their awesome destructive power. The Vikings experienced frequent and severe weather, and would have had to suffer the set backs that these elements would bring.

Interpretation:

Upright.
A situation out of control. Guard against outside interference in your affairs. Learning to accept that some things may be out of your hands.

Prepare yourself to weather the storm, take what you can from the experience as there is always something to learn. Prepare to enjoy the great relief and release when the storm subsides.

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

NAUTHIZ - Need

Runic Number: 10

Letter: N

Old English Name: Nyd

Meaning: Need, Necessity

Element(s): Fire

Zodiac Sign: Scorpio, Sagittarius

Gemstone: Lapis Lazuli

Colour: Black

Introduction:

Need and want are not the same thing - this rune encourages us to remember that fact. Only when we are fighting for our very survival are we likely to understand the things we truly need.

Interpretation:

Upright.
Patience is a virtue. This is not a time to force things - settle back, live in harmony and go with the flow. Delays do not mean failure, be prepared to amend your plans if necessary but only after careful consideration.

In the short term things are not favourable for romantic relationships

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

ISA - Ice

Runic Number: 11

Letter: I

Old English Name: Is

Meaning: Ice, Cold, Stillness

Element(s): Ice

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius

Gemstone: Cats eye

Colour: Black

Introduction:

This rune carries the symbolic representation of the icicle. The Northern tribes understood well the dangers that ice and cold brought, and also the beauty.

Interpretation:

Upright.

You have reached a period of non-action or stagnation. There is little you can do to move things and even if you could it is unlikely it would be to your ultimate benefit.

Don't allow yourself to slip in to a rut. Relationships may turn cold, don't be afraid to express your true feelings.

Now is a time for meditation and contemplation. Get in touch with your spiritual side, you can still grow while your world lies dormant.

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

JERA - Year

Runic Number: 12

Letter: J

Old English Name: Ger

Meaning: Year, Harvest

Element(s): Earth

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius, Capricorn

Gemstone: Carnelian

Colour: Light Blue

Introduction:

Jera symbolises the agricultural year. It represents the fruitfulness of the harvest and the communal celebrations that surround it. It is not coincidence that this rune is numbered 12, commemorating the 12 months of the year.

Interpretation:

Upright.

All things in life are cyclical, we can reap only what we sow. We must be prepared to nurture the seeds we plant and give them space and time enough to grow, only then will we enjoy fully the fruits of our labours.

Now may be the time to prepare for future growth.

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

EIHWAZ - Endings

Runic Number: 13

Letter: Y

Old English Name: Eoh

Meaning: Yew Tree, Bow

Element(s): Earth, Air, Fire and Water

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn

Gemstone: Topaz

Colour: Dark Blue

Introduction:

Eihwaz takes its name from the Yew tree. It was from this tree that the Vikings fashioned bows to defend themselves and their land. The yew tree also symbolised warmth as it fed their fires.

Interpretation:

Upright.

This rune is often associated with death but it is never negative. It reminds us that new beginnings and fresh starts can only come after some aspect of our life has died off. It encourages us to embrace change and make the best use of the opportunities it offers.

On a cautionary note it warns us to stay alert to what is happening around us and to be prepared to defend our position.

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

PERTH - Mystery

Runic Number: 14

Letter: P

Old English Name: Peord

Meaning: Mystery, Chance, Gamble, Dice Cup

Element(s): Water

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn, Aquarius

Gemstone: Aquamarine

Colour: Black

Introduction:

Perth is the rune of mystery. The Vikings were troubled by mysteries like why some should die in battle while others survive. The symbol depicted on this rune is said to represent a dice cup tipped to reveal the die.

Interpretation:

Upright.

Something hidden comes to light or a secret is disclosed. Look beyond the surface things are not always as they seem. Use your intuition, take a gamble.

An unexpected gain.

Inner transformations.

Inverted.

Play your cards close to your chest, now is not the time for revelations. At this time gambling can only lead to failure and loss. Do not rush in, but stand firm.

The exposure of betrayal or hurtful secrets.

ALGIZ - Defender

Runic Number: 15

Letter: Z

Old English Name: Eolh

Meaning: Protection, Refuge

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Aquarius

Gemstone: Amethyst

Colour: Gold

Introduction:

Algiz is used to ward off evil. It is said to offer opportunities for growth but more important than that it offers protection.

Interpretation:

Upright.

The things that you have worked so hard for are coming to fruition. New relationships will enrich your life and positive influences are shaping every aspect of your existence.

Even in the heat of battle you are protected, wisdom and vision are your allies.

Inverted.

You may find yourself coming under attack. Take steps to protect yourself and be careful not to allow yourself to become exposed or vulnerable.

It is now, more than ever, that you must hold yourself to your highest values and do not allow yourself to succumb to pettiness and greed.

SOWELU - Sun

Runic Number: 16

Letter: S

Old English Name: Sigel

Meaning: The Sun

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Aquarius, Pisces

Gemstone: Ruby

Colour: White

Introduction:

Sowelu means the Sun - the ultimate life force. Even amongst the gods it represents the ultimate source of power.

Interpretation:

Upright.

Spiritual awakening and consciousness. Strength and vitality are instilled within you and a radiant energy flows through every part of your being.

Good health and happiness are also associated with this rune. Problems are resolved and goals are attained.

A very positive time for mind, body and spirit.

Inverted.

This symbol cannot be inverted.

TEIWAZ - Courage

Runic Number: 17

Letter: T

Old English Name: Tyr

Meaning: Warrior, Courage

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Pisces

Gemstone: Coral

Colour: Bright Red

Introduction:

This rune represents Tyr, the Norse god of war, depicted as a spear. The symbol was often painted on shields. Tyr protects both physical and spiritual warriors. Tuesday derives its name from Tyr.

Interpretation:

Upright.
Now may be the time to stand and fight for what you know to be right. It is a time for courage, bravery and daring. Fight with passion and victory will be yours.

A good time for romantic encounters.

Inverted.
Defeat is staring you in the face, a wise leader knows when it is time to lay down his arms. There is nothing to be gained by continued resistance, the constant battles only serves to drain and weaken you.

BERKANA - Growth

Runic Number: 18

Letter: B

Old English Name: Beorc

Meaning: Birch, Birth, Growth

Element(s): Earth

Zodiac Sign: Pisces, Aries

Gemstone: Moonstone

Colour: Dark Green

Introduction:

This rune is strongly associated with the birch tree. It also is connected with fertility and birth (or rebirth) and, as such, may be used at the time of childbirth

Interpretation:

Upright.
This rune tells of new beginnings and could apply to any aspect of life. It is a time of fertility, when the seeds that have been planted will burst forth, yielding a bumper harvest. This is also a fertile time for ideas.

Suggests a very positive time for relationships.

Inverted.
This is not a time to start new ventures and current endeavours may go in to decline.

Physical and mental health may suffer, it is a time to look after and care for yourself particularly if you find yourself in a vulnerable or delicate situation.

EHWAZ - Change

Runic Number: 19

Letter: E

Old English Name: Eh

Meaning: Horse, Monentum, Unity

Element(s): Earth

Zodiac Sign: Aries

Gemstone: Iceland Spar

Colour: White

Introduction:

Ehwaz means horse, the Vikings put great value on these creatures recognising their important contribution in battle, travel and in working the land. In many ways horses had a very direct impact on improving the Viking way of life, this fact was appreciated and never taken for granted.

Interpretation:

Upright.
This may well prove to be a good time for travel or perhaps a journey of a different kind. Venturing out with the intention of creating new situations in either your home or work life should bear fruit.

This is also a sign that you are on track, all your efforts are coming to fruition.

Inverted.
You may be losing your way. Things appear unclear. Your are lacking energy & drive and are left with the feeling that you are being left behind or worse, that you are actually going backwards.

There will be little pleasure from travel and running to escape your problems is a futile exercise. Sudden changes are not the solution.

MANNAZ - Humanity

Runic Number: 20

Letter: M

Old English Name: Man

Meaning: Man, Humanity, The Inner Self

Element(s): Air

Zodiac Sign: Aries, Taurus

Gemstone: Garnet

Colour: Deep Red

Introduction:

Mannaz is the rune of mankind or humanity. It represents both male and female energy and links with man at his most fundamental level.

Interpretation:

Upright.
This rune is very much about community and reminds us of our responsibility to others. More than this Mannaz represents the search for the inner Self

But ultimately the message comes back to people, tolerance, compassion and kindness whether we are interacting in the workplace, our community or in our closest relationships.

Inverted.
A self imposed solitude or isolation whether intentional or not. Your actions have separated you from others and you may have created enemies along the way.

Be vigilant with those around you. Motives may not be as they seem. Information and advice which is passed your way may be bad.

LAGUZ - Water

Runic Number: 21

Letter: L

Old English Name: Lagu

Meaning: Water, Sea, lake

Element(s): Water

Zodiac Sign: Taurus

Gemstone: Pearl

Colour: Dark Green

Introduction:

Laguz is the water rune. It symbolised all forms of water: rivers, springs, oceans and lakes. The ebb & flow and all its cleansing properties are represented by Laguz.

Interpretation:

Upright.
A powerful spiritual rune, laguz signals the opening up of huge psychic and creative potential - imagination at its most powerful and rewarding.

A good time for any activities involving or connected with water.

Laguz also represents emotional cleansing.

Your faculties are at their peak.

Inverted.
A time to overcome the fears that hold you back. You must not let things drag you under. Confusion is dominant, yet this is a situation created by yourself.

Step back and release stress, be prepared to relinquish things for the good of your health.

INGUZ - Beginnings

Runic Number: 22

Letter: Ng

Old English Name: Ing

Meaning: Fertility, New Beginnings, Love and Harmony

Element(s): Earth and Water

Zodiac Sign: Taurus, Gemini

Gemstone: Amber

Colour: Yellow

Introduction:

Ing is the Anglo-Saxon god of fertility. He journeyed to Jutland and united the Viking people there. In the northeast of England, kings claimed to be descendants of Ing.

Interpretation:

Upright.
Birth, love and harmony are all aspects of this rune. Again the idea of birth goes beyond the physical to encompass all new beginnings - the successful completion of another cycle of life.

It signals a fertile period for the mind, body and spirit. A very positive rune.

Inverted.
This symbol cannot be inverted.

OTHILA - Homeland

Runic Number: 23

Letter: O

Old English Name: Ethel

Meaning: Home, Homeland, Estate, Property

Element(s): Earth

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

Gemstone: Ruby

Colour: Deep Yellow

Introduction:

Othila links with the home extend to represent ancestral wisdom - that which is passed down to us. It reminds us that as one life ends the next in line must 'pick up the baton', the wisdom and responsibility and continue on the journey.

Interpretation:

Upright.
This rune may indicate some gain through inheritance or perhaps even through birthright. It is a time to develop latent potential.

Be on your guard but always act fairly, the opportunities exist to achieve great wealth for those who act with honour.

Inverted.
Lack of planning or poor preparation may lead to problems. Inactivity results in lost opportunities.

Responsibilities must be grasped and taken seriously.

DAGAZ - Awakening

Runic Number: 24

 

Letter: D

Old English Name: Daeg

Meaning: Day Break, dawn, Day, Breakthrough

Element(s): Fire, Air

Zodiac Sign: Gemini, Cancer

Gemstone: Chrysolite

Colour: Bright Blue

Introduction:

Dagaz is a rune that symbolises the power and the promise of the breaking day .

Interpretation:

Upright.
Dagaz reminds us that this is a life of balance - good & evil, dark & light - all extremes have their opposite and it is possible to move from one to the other. This is the rune of transformation, the power which is available to all of us.

It can also signify the end of dark times, as if stepping out in to the light. Success is within reach.

Inverted.
This symbol cannot be inverted.

WYRD - Fate

The Blank Rune was introduced (11th Century) long after the Rune Poem
was written, therefore it has no verse.

Runic Number: 25

Meaning: Fate

Introduction:

Wyrd is known as the blank rune and it carries no symbol. As a later addition to the set it does not feature in the original Germanic futhark, however it is a common addition to 'modern' sets. This rune is concerned almost exclusively with destiny or fate.

Interpretation:

Upright.
Like the Death card in a Tarot set, Wyrd symbolises the death of a certain situation or cycle of ones life and tends to be symbolic in this respect rather than literal. It also signifies that fate or destiny are taking control of ones life.

Inverted.
This symbol cannot be inverted.